Shift # 18

IDSourceDirectionTargetStatusContributed by
18to hearto understandAcceptedAZ

Comments:

Confirmed by 3 Guru(s)

Polysemy: Nganasan дильситiси 'to listen' — 'to understand'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B:
  • References:
  • Comments: НМС 436
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MR
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Koryak валомык 'to listen' — 'to understand'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B:
  • References:
  • Comments: КорРС 13
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MR
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Even долдъ- 'to hear' — 'to understand'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B:
  • References:
  • Comments: ТМС, 1, 214-215
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MR
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Cognates: French entendre 'to hear' Spanish entender 'to understand, to be knowledgeable'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B:
  • References:
  • Comments: ###проверить грузинский
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: AZ
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Yakut isit- 'to hear' — 'to understand, to comprehend'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B: nūččaly istäγin duo? 'Do you understand (lit. hear) Russian?'
  • References:
  • Comments: Аникин 2000, 497. ЯРС 156.
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MR
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Russian slyšat' 'to hear' — 'to hear'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B: это якут, он по-русски не слышит; он не говорит по-коряцки, а слышит 'He is Yakut, he does not understand Russian; he does not speak Koryak but he understands it.'
  • References:
  • Comments: Lower Indigir idioms
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MR
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Yukaghir мөри- 'to hear' — 'to understand (language)'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B:
  • References:
  • Comments: Аникин 2000, 497
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MR
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Amharic sämma 'to hear' — 'to understand'

  • Example for the meaning A: mənəm alsämmahum 'I did not hear anything'
  • Example for the meaning B: baynaggärutəm yəsämmutal 'Though they do not speak (this language), they understand it'
  • References:
  • Comments: The same meanings in Tigrinya sämʕe 'to hear, to listen, to understand' (KT 657)
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MB
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Tibetan khums-pa 'to hear, to listen' — 'to know, to understand'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B:
  • References:
  • Comments: Рерих I, 276.
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: IG
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Avestan uš- 'hearing' — 'undestanding, intelligence'

  • Example for the meaning A:
  • Example for the meaning B:
  • References:
  • Comments: ЭСИЯ 1, 268
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MR
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Polysemy: Itelmen элфсэс 'to listen' — 'to understand'

  • Example for the meaning A: т'илфсəзвин 'I am listening to you'
  • Example for the meaning B: мил̹ мизвинк ттэ'ан крвэл̹хатас илфсқзузнэн 'Here all people understand Russian'
  • References:
  • Comments: Володин, Халоймова 119
  • Related languages:
  • Contributed by: MR
  • Confirmed by 0 Guru(s)/Master(s)

Related shifts

Meaning ADirectionMeaning BDELETE
deaf stupid